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Bacterial Septicemia in dogs – How to prevent Bacterial Septicemia

Dogs are really reliable companions and family members in our lives. Just like humans, dogs can catch colds or various diseases. Dog sepsis is one of the most dangerous diseases in dogs if their owners don’t know how to take care of them. Let’s find out the cause and how to prevent this disease in here.

1. what is Bacterial Septicemia in dogs?

The Bacterial Septicemia in dogs is caused by bacteria in the blood that cause inflammation and disease in the dog’s body. Bacterial infections are quite common, but most healthy dogs’ immune systems can fight the disease before symptoms appear.

When a dog’s immune system is damaged or unable to fight an infection, the bacteria will multiply and lead to a blood infection. Once a disease has been formed, blood circulation has become such a serious disease that it can kill about 50 percent of dogs. If you see dogs showing signs of sepsis, consult your veterinarian immediately so they can make an accurate diagnosis and outline an appropriate treatment plan.

It's dangerous to have Bacterial Septicemia

It’s dangerous to have Bacterial Septicemia

2. signs of Bacterial Septicemia in dogs

Symptoms of dog blood infection may appear suddenly or develop slowly over time. Some dogs fighting bacterial infections in the blood may show no symptoms. Others face life-threatening symptoms. Symptoms may vary depending on the affected organ and these are often confused with those of other immune control problems.

Contact your veterinarian immediately if the following signs of a dog infection are as follows:

  • Puking, diarrhea
  • Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance
  • Lose appetite
  • Cold, fever, coma
  • Accelerating heart rate
  • Weak, trembling
  • Weak beathing
  • Pale gums
  • Low blood sugar, low blood pressure
  • Infectious shock, organ failure, …
Dogs are weak when they're sick.

Dogs are weak when they’re sick.

3. cAUSES OF Bacterial Septicemia in dogs

  • A dog’s Bacterial Septicemia develops when bacteria are introduced into the bloodstream. This sometimes occurs during regular dental hygiene, during surgery or when a dog has a cold from being bitten by another dog, causing injury to the dog.
  • Infected dogs often hang out in forests or wet areas, where there is a risk of tick bites and parasite transmission.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas, diabetes, kidney failure, and liver failure are among the pathologies that lead dogs to become infected with blood bacteria.
  • Skin infections and urinary tract infections can also move into the bloodstream and cause sepsis.

Healthy dogs are usually resistant to infections, but dogs with damaged immune systems are more likely to get sepsis. Any cause that blocks the immune system’s active response will create a greater risk of Bacterial Septicemia. If your dog has an infection or has any disease, it is important to monitor for signs that can lead to a blood infection to prevent it.

Lice, fleas are the hosts of dog blood infections

Lice, fleas are the hosts of dog blood infections

4. how to treat Bacterial Septicemia in dogs?

There’s no better treatment than stopping the disease before they show up. However, to help the disease, we need treatment support on a per-million basis. Specifically:

4.1. infusion

The treatment of sepsis in dogs usually begins with emergency assistance as the infection can be fatal. If dogs have an infection shock, they may need IV fluids. Especially if they are dehydrated due to vomiting and diarrhea, transmission is absolutely necessary. This also helps recover the electrolyte that dogs lost during their illness.

A feeding tube can be installed for dogs who cannot eat or can’t hold food due to symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting.

4.2. antibiotics

Antibiotics can be used until the cause of Bacterial Septicemia is determined. Once the infection has been identified, the veterinarian may prescribe more specific antibiotics. Vascular shrinkage, vascular constriction, increased blood flow to organs, and blood pressure recovery are some common types.

Antibiotics for dogs

Antibiotics for dogs


As the disease progresses to a certain stage, the abcès can form painful for the dogs. At this time, the dog is extremely weak and may exhibit other parallel symptoms. If the abscess is found, the sick dog may need surgery to remove it. When dogs recover from a blood infection, the veterinarian can prescribe soft food so that the digestive system can have more time to heal.

Owners of dogs with Bacterial Septicemia should continue to guard against signs of infection shock or other complications as the death rate from the condition is very high. Dogs need to rest for a few weeks, monitor and receive proper treatment until they fully recover.

5. preventative care

5.1. Keep dogs out of contact with ticks, lice, fleas

Since fleas are the main hosts of infection of blood parasites in dogs, prevention of ticks and fleas should be prioritized. There are many products to prevent ticks and ticks on the market and veterinarians can guide you to choose if necessary. Permethrin-containing products are very effective in controlling fleas and ticks.

5.2. Keep the living area clean

The area around the house needs to be cleaned up to remove the area where ticks live. Controlling travel space and limiting contact with stray dogs is what owners of dogs need to do. A healthy environment keeps dogs away from not only blood but other dangerous diseases.

5.3. refrain from stressing the dog

Dogs’ owners should spend a lot of time playing, walking their dogs. It’s important to keep their moods optimistic, happy, and not to make them cold and sad. If the dogs don’t get stressed, their immune systems will also be vulnerable to attacks. Since then, the possibility of getting a blood transfusion is also lower than dogs that are often cold by their owners.

Keep stress away from your dogs

Keep stress away from your dogs

5.4. periodical health checkup

One of the best ways to prevent infections for your cute dogs is to get them on a routine checkup. This will help the source of the disease to be detected in a timely manner (if any), thus quickly getting the appropriate treatment plan.

Besides, don’t forget to remove the worms at the right time and vaccinate against other diseases. When the immune system is guaranteed, it is also difficult to get a blood transfusion that harms the pet.

We’ve just been through important information regarding Bacterial Septicemia in dogs. Take good care of your dogs and don’t let them be alone. In addition, if the dogs show signs of illness, contact the prestigious veterinary clinic, Animal Doctors International, which is one of the most widely reported clinical facilities.